Agriculture in Irbid

Irbid, known as the “Bride of the North,” is considered as one of the most beautiful Jordanian cities. It is situated on a plain land, 65 km. to the north of the capital, Amman. It is situated in the north west of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, surrounded by fertile agricultural lands from north, east, west and south. Irbid was named “The Daisy” after the daisy flower, which grows in its plains. Irbid witnessed human settlements 5000 B.C., such as settlements of the Edomites, Ghassanids and Southern Arab civilizations.

  Citrus fields in Jordan    citrus_fields_jordan_valley

Irbid is considered to be one of the most agriculturally active cities in Jordan. It produces citrus, olives and grain, in addition to the production of honey and livestock. However, they have been relying on their human resources lately, especially the educated class, since there has been less agricultural activity due to lack of water and urbanization.


Olive oil help boost the Economy


In 2012, Jordan’s olive farms produced 21,548 tonnes of olive oil during the harvest season between October 15 and January 23, according to the official data released by the Department of Statistics . The DoS report estimated the volume of olive production at 115,282 tonnes in 2012, 9 per cent higher than the 106,006 tonnes produced in 2011. The northern governorate of Irbid was the highest olive oil producer in the Kingdom, with 7,188 tonnes, followed by Ajloun with 4,413 tonnes. According to the National Centre for Agricultural Research and Extension NCARE, there are over 17 million olive trees in the country, nearly half of which are in the northern region of the Kingdom. The olive oil industry represents an important source of income for around 80,000 Jordanian families, according to the NCARE. The olive sector’s annual contribution to the economy is estimated at JD100 million, with average exports of over JD20 million, according to the official data. Jordan is the world’s eighth largest producer of olive oil, exporting its product to several countries including Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the US. The average per capita consumption of olive oil in Jordan stands at about 3.43 kilogrammes per year, and the country’s overall annual consumption stands at about 21,773 tonnes, according to the ministry.

For more information, please check the National Centre for Agricultural Research and Extension NCARE

Why the Jordanian Olive Oil?

Jordan is located geographically among the region and atmosphere of Mediterranean Sea specifically among what is called Al Sham countries or the Natural Syria. Scientific studies, with no doubt, assured that this region of the world has witnessed the first olive tree on earth since the features of soil and the atmosphere of this region are in accordance with the natural needs of the olive tree. From this spot, olive has spread to the rest of the Mediterranean Sea and the world.

Jordan is distinguished by having three different geographical regions (valleys for tropical circumstances mountain heights and semi desert). This geographical diversity led to a great variety of plants in sequence. Local and imported olive varieties which, have been found on Jordanian soil, create the perfect place for growing and giving.

Why The Jordanian Olive Is Considered As Unique?

1. This is due to the fact that there are local kinds which give oil a distinguished chemical, sensual, and sensorial features according as witnessed by world exports in tasting. Such kinds are: Nabali Baladi and improved Nabali. 2. The geographical diversity of the Jordanian environment led to a distinction in oil flavors depending on its source area. This gives the Jordanian oil spatiality from all other oils in the world. 3. Jordanian oil is considered well balanced, containing fatty acids as well as oleic acid (which is considered one of the monounsaturated fatty acids). This makes Jordanian olive oil very healthy and consequently it is recommended for people who have heart diseases, venosclerosis, and certain kinds of cancer. 4. It has a high percentage of vitamin e & antioxidants which participate in prolonging the age of cells and delaying aging. 5. It is chemically balanced, which makes it suitable for all kinds of food and dishes. Jordanian extra virgin olive oil is healthy for cooking and frying.

6. All picking processes are done manually and carefully. Therefore, olive pits reach the twister unharmed and undamaged which negatively affect on oil quality. 7. Jordanian olive oil is considered to be an originally developed products as farmers do not like to use fertilizers or chemical extirpative.  8. More than 90 % of twisters in Jordan are recent and supplied with developed twisting lines, which preserve the quality of oil.

For more informtaion on Jordanian olives , please check: JOPEA